I am doing

The present continuous is mainly used to describe actions or events that are happening at the time of speaking
I’m looking for Chathura do you know where he is?
You are making a lot of noise please don’t make so much noise
I’m trying to concentrate on my work.
What is going on? Why are all these people shouting?
When we use the present continuous we often use time expressions such as at present currently at the moment just and still to imply that the action or event is happening at the time of speaking
Have you cleaned the room? I am just doing.
There are some actions or events that may not be going on at the time of speaking Study these examples.
The police are talking to a number of people about the murder.
Police may not be talking to the people at the time of speaking but the speaker wants to mean that the action is continuing.
I have decided to go to Italy so I am learning Italian.
The speaker doesn’t mean that he is learning Italian at the time of speaking he means that he is learning Italian these days.
When we describe repeated actions or events that are happening at or around the moment of speaking we use the present continuous.
You are doing the same mistakes again and again.
why is he jumping up and down?
I am receiving many letters from my fans.
When we want to imply that a situation is or may be temporary we use the present continuous.
She is living in a flat in Colombo.
This means she is temporarily living in the flat.
Finance companies are lending more money. this implies that the situation is not or may not be permanent.
She is an English teacher but she is teaching maths these days

Phrasal Verbs

Burn down (tr or intr) = destroy, or be destroyed completely by fire (used of buildings):
The fire burnt down the building.
The vehicle burnt down before they came.
Call at a place: ‘visit’ (for a short time)
He was asked to call at the station.
Call for = visit a place to collect a person or thing:
I will call for you tomorrow.
Let’s leave our suitcases in the left luggage office and call for them later.
Call a person:
He called on all the teachers in the area and asked them to sign the petition.
Call off (tr) = cancel something not yet started, or abandon something already in progress:
They had to call off the meeting.
When the fog got thicker the search was called off. (abandoned)
Call out (tr) = summon someone to leave his house to deal with a situation outside.
It is often used of troops when they are required to leave their barracks to deal with civil disturbances:
The Fire Brigade was called out several times on the night.
Call up
(a) summon for military service:
Men are called up at the age of eighteen.
(b) = telephone:
She called up to tell me the news. (called up Tom/ called him up)
Not to care about (tr) = to be indifferent to:
The professor was interested only in research; he didn’t really care about us.
Care for (tr)
(a) = like
He doesn’t care for hot weather.
(b) = look after
Nurses look after patients
Carry on (intr) = continue
I can’t carry on alone any longer; I’ll have to get help.
Carry on with (tr) is used similarly:
The doctor told her to carry on with the treatment.
Carry out (tr) = perform (duties), obey (orders, instructions), fulfil (threats):
You are not meant to think for yourself; you’re here to carry out my orders.
He read the instructions but he didn’t carry them out.
Catch up with (tr), catch up (tr or intr) = overtake, but not pass:
I started last in the race but I soon caught up with the others.
You’ve missed a whole term; you’ll have to work hard to catch up with the rest of the class. (caught them up/ catch up)
Clean out (tr) a room/ cupboard/ drawer etc. = clean and tidy it thoroughly:
I must clean out the office room. (clean the spare room out/ clean it out)
Clean up (tr) a mess, e.g. anything spilt:
Clean up any spilt paint.
Clean up (intr) is used similarly:
These painters always clean up when they’ve finished. (leave the place clean)



List of irregular verbs

Infinitive past simple past participle Be was/was been Beat beat beaten Become became become Begin began begun Bend bend bend bet bet bet bite bit bitten Blow blew blown Brake broke broken Bring brought brought Broadcast broadcast broadcast Build built built Burst burst burst Buy bought bought Catch caught caught Choose chose chosen Come came come Cost cost cost Creep crept crept Cut cut cut Deal dealt dealt Dig dug dug Do did done Draw drew drawn Drink drank drunk Drive drove driven Eat ate eaten Fall fell fallen Feed fed fed Feel felt felt Fight fought fought Find found found Flee felt felt Fly flew flown Forbid forbade forbidden Forgive forgot forgotten Freeze forgave forgiven Get got got Give gave given Go went gone Grow grew grown Hang hung hung Have had had Hear heard heard Hide hid hidden Hit hit hit Hold held held Hurt hurt hurt Keep kept kept Kneel knelt knelt Know knew known Lay laid laid Lead led led Leave left left Lend lent lent Let let let Lie lay lain light lit lit lose lost lost make made made mean ment ment meet met met pay paid paid put put put read read (red) read (red) ride rode ridden ring rang rung rise rose risen run ran run say said said see saw seen seek sought sought sell sold sold send sent sent set set set sew sewed sewn/ sewed shake shook shaken shine shone shone shoot shot shot show showed shown/ showed shrink shrank shrunk shut shut shut sing sang sung sink sank sunk sit sat sat sleep slept slept slide slid slid speak spoke spoken spend spent spent spit spat spat split split split spread spread spread spring sprang sprung stand stood stood steal stole stolen stick stuck stuck sting stung stung stink stank stunk strike struck struck swear swore sworn sweep swept swept swim swam swum swing swung swung take took taken teach taught taught tear tore torn tell told told think thought thought throw threw thrown understand understood understood wear wore worn weep wept wept win won won write wrote written